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 Israel set to jail teenage conscientious objector for eighth time

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PostSubject: Israel set to jail teenage conscientious objector for eighth time   Wed 03 Apr 2013, 10:00

Israel set to jail teenage conscientious objector for eighth time


Nathan Blanc has spent more than 100 days in prison over the past 19 weeks due to his refusal to enlist in Israeli army



Israeli soldiers on
patrol: most Israelis grow up knowing that compulsory military service –
three years for boys, two for girls – lies at the end of their school
days. Photograph: Amir Cohen/REUTERS

It is a routine Nathan Blanc knows well. At 9am on Tuesday
morning, the 19-year-old will report, as instructed in his draft papers,
to a military base near Tel Aviv. There he will state his objection to
serving in the Israeli army. Following his refusal to enlist, Blanc
expects to be arrested and sentenced to between 10 and 20 days in jail.
He will then be taken to Military Prison Number 6 to serve his time. And
then, following his release, the cycle will begin over again.
The
reason why Blanc knows what to expect is that this will be the eighth
time the teenage conscientious objector has been jailed in the past 19
weeks. Since the date of his original call-up for military service,
Blanc has spent more than 100 days in prison; on one occasion, he was
released on a Tuesday and re-imprisoned two days later on a Thursday.
Blanc
began to consider the possibility of refusing the draft several years
ago. "It was a very hard decision, it took me a long time to get to it,"
he says.
The turning point was Operation Cast Lead, the war in
Gaza that began at the end of 2008 and ended three weeks later with a
Palestinian death toll of around 1,400. In a statement issued when he
was first imprisoned, Blanc said: "The wave of aggressive militarism
that swept the country then, the expressions of mutual hatred, and the
vacuous talk about stamping out terror and creating a deterrent effect
were the primary trigger for my refusal."
The government, he said,
was "not interested in finding a solution to the existing situation,
but rather in preserving it … We will talk of deterrence, we will kill
some terrorist, we will lose some civilians on both sides, and we will
prepare the ground for a new generation full of hatred on both sides …
We, as citizens and human beings, have a moral duty to refuse to
participate in this cynical game."
In an interview with the
Guardian, he says: "The war going on in this country for more than 60
years could have ended a long time ago. But both sides are giving into
extremists and fundamentalists. The occupation was supposed to be
temporary, but now no one speaks of it ending."
The Israeli state,
he adds, keeps people "under our control" without democratic rights.
Palestinians are subject to "collective punishment" for the actions of a
few.
Most Israelis grow up knowing that compulsory military
service – three years for boys, two for girls – lies at the end of their
school days. "Going to the army" is a deeply ingrained, collective
experience in Israeli national identity.
For some, it's an
eagerly-anticipated patriotic duty; for others, a rite of passage; for a
few, a difficult moral dilemma. But it is rare for people to refuse on
grounds of conscience. Blanc says that since November, he has been the
only conscientious objector among the 300-400 inmates in Military Prison
Number 6.
Most of his friends have come to accept his position –
"we had the arguments a long time ago" – and some who are currently
serving as combat soldiers now say they admire it. His parents, despite
some anxiety, are supportive.
Blanc rejected the option taken by
some objectors of claiming a medical condition that would exempt him
from military service. "I didn't want to lie. This is a point of
principle."
Neither could he seek exemption of the grounds of
pacifism. "The army has a narrow definition of pacifism – someone who
would never apply force in any circumstances. The [IDF's] conscience
committee asks tough questions, and I would not be able to say never. I
think force should be used rarely, but it can't be completely ruled
out."
Blanc is willing to undertake national service in lieu of
the compulsory stint in the army, but thus far the military has refused
to countenance this.
In a statement, the IDF said it could not comment on Blanc's specific case, but conscription was a result of Israel's
security situation. Although there were limited grounds for exemption,
those called up were "fully aware of their responsibilities towards the
military and the consequences for failing" to carry them out.
Blanc
hesitates when asked if he would describe himself as a patriot. "I feel
a strong connection to this country, and I'm proud of it in many ways.
But I have an aversion to nationalism."
Prison life has taken some
adjustment. Blanc, who shares a tent with around 20 other prisoners, is
woken for roll call around 5am and works eight hours a day in the
kitchen. The inmates, who wear surplus US military uniforms, can make
calls on a public phone but are forbidden to keep their mobiles. There
is a prison library, but no gym.
"I have no idea how long this
will go on for," said Blanc. "The bad scenario is that I will be put in
front of a military court and sentenced to something like a year in
prison. The better scenario is that they'll get tired of this, and will
let me do national service instead."
It is hard for Blanc to see
beyond the game of cat-and-mouse in which he and the IDF are currently
engaged, but he says: "I don't want to deal with politics and conflict
all my life." He would like to study science or technology at
university.
He brushes aside a suggestion that his current stance
could harm his future prospects. "I'm proud of what I'm doing. I may
have caused some damage to my future, but it's minor compared to the
principle at stake."
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